Khaldey Evgeny

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ABOUT

Evgeny Khaldey (1917-1997) was born in 1917 in Yuzovka (Donetsk).

At 13, he made his first photograph with a homemade camera. From the age of 16, he began working as a photojournalist.

Since 1939 he became a reporter for TASS Photochronicles. He shot Dneprostroy, reports about Alexei Stakhanov. He represented the editorial board of TASS on the naval front during the Great Patriotic War. All 1418 days of the war he went with the Leica camera from Murmansk to Berlin. Filmed the defeat of the Japanese in the Far East, participated in the liberation of Sevastopol, the assault on Novorossiysk, Kerch, the liberation of Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Austria, Hungary. A participant in the filming of the Potsdam Conference, the Paris Conference, the signing of the act of surrender of Germany and the Nuremberg trials, At the Nuremberg trials, some of the material evidence were photographs of Eugene Chaldea.

His most famous photograph, Victory Banner over the Reichstag (1945), was taken on the roof of a dilapidated Nazi parliament. The picture is widely used to illustrate the victory of the Soviet Union in the Great Patriotic War. This photograph is one of the most common shots of World War II.

In 1948, Yevgeny Khaldey was fired from TASS on charges of insufficient education and political literacy. After Stalin’s death, he again began working in photojournalism. He got a job in the magazine «Club and amateur performances», filmed industry, sports and artists. Only in 1957, Chaldean was hired by the newspaper «Pravda», where he worked until 1972 Then — in the «Soviet culture». He creates a photo chronicle of the post-war country, takes pictures of people and their life in all its diversity. «I always wanted to shoot in such a way that it would be interesting for people to watch today, tomorrow and the day after tomorrow,» the photographer commented on his creative method.

In 1997, the book «Witness of History. Photos of Evgeny Khaldey» was published by American publishing house «Aperture». Also in May 1997, the premiere of the 60-minute film»Evgeny Khaldey- a photographer of the Stalin era» took place.

In 2004, Editions Du Chene — Hachette Livre (France) released Mark Grosse’s book, Chaldean. Photographer of the Soviet Union» (Khaldey. Un Photoreporter en Union Sovietique).

In 1995, in Perpignan (France) at the International Festival of Photojournalism, Evgeny Khaldey was awarded the most honourable award in the world of art — the title «Knight of the Order of Arts and Literature».

SELECTED EXHIBITIONS

2019
«Moment of Truth of Evgeny Khaldey», UN headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland

2018
The Soviet Century: Russian Photography from the Lafuente Archive (1917- 1972), PhotoEspaña18, Madrid, Spain
Brought to Light. Revelatory Photographs in the Santa Barbara Museum of Art Collection, Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, USA

2017
«The court of peoples», exhibition of photos of Evgeny Khaldey, Yeltsin Center, Ekaterinburg
Personal exhibition of Evgeny Khaldey dedicated to 100th anniversary of the photographer, MAMM, Moscow
«Masters of photojournalism», PhotoVisa, Krasnodar
Red Star Over Russia. A revolution in visual culture 1905-55, Tate Modern, London, Great Britain
ROSFOTO. 15 years. Open collection, Rosfoto, Saint Petersburg
Total Red: Photography, Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv, Israel
«Revolution of the people», The Lumiere Brothers Center for Photography, Moscow

2016
Aufbrüche – Bilder aus Deutschland, Freundeskreis Willy-Brandt-Haus, Berlin, Germany

2015
«Soviet Photo», The Lumiere Brothers Center for Photography, Moscow
Wir müssen den Schleier von unseren Augen reißen. Fotografie und Zeichnung der russischen Avantgarde aus der Sammlung der Sepherot Foundation, Kunstmuseum Bochum, Bochum, Germany
Evgeny Khaldey. Victory banner, ROSFOTO, Saint Petersburg

2013
Superlative Photography. Howard Greenberg collection, Hungarian House of Photography, Budapest, Hungary
Yevgeny Khaldei. Kriegsfotograf, Browse Foto Festival, Berlin, Germany
Berlin Photo. Photographic works from the private collection of Dr. h.c. Lutz Teutloff, Teutloff Collection, Berlin, Germany

2012
Howard Greenberg – Collection, Musée de l’Elysée, Lausanne, Switzerland

2011
L’ombre de la guerre, MEP – Maison Européenne de la Photographie, Paris, France
“The era of optimism. Art and propaganda in Soviet photography of the 1920-1940s”, ROSPHOTO, St. Petersburg, Russia

2010
Yevgeny Khaldei. Un photographe sous Staline, Le Botanique, Brussels, Belgium

2008
Yevgeny Khaldei. Der bedeutende Augenblick, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin, Germany
CONTROVERSIES. Musée de l’Elysée, Lausanne, Switzerland

2007
Yevgeny Khaldei. Un grande fotografo di guerra, Teatro Miela, Trieste, Italy

2006
Shooting in 35: The First 35mm Photographs, Museum of Photographic Arts, Saint Diego, USA
Russische fotografie 1917-1945, Kunsthal Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Auslöser Potsdam – Photographen und ihre Bilder von 1850 bis heute, Potsdam- Museum, Potsdam, Germany
EVGENIJ CHALDEJ (1917-1997) – Un grande fotografo di Guerra, Museo del Territorio, Biella, Italy
Bilder vom Krieg und vom Frieden, Russisches Haus der Wissenschaft und Kultur, Berlin, Germany

2005
Yevgeny Khaldei. Un photoreporter en Union Soviétique, Fnac Montparnasse, Paris, France
Yevgeny Khaldei. Photographe de l’armée rouge, Musée d’art et d’histoire du judaisme, Paris, France
Jewgeni Chaldej, Photographer from the Red Army. Jewish Historical Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
1945 – Im Blick der Fotografie. Kriegsende und Neuanfang, Westfälisches Landesmuseum, Munster, Gergmany

2004
Geschichte des XX. Jahrhunderts – Fotografien zur deutschen Geschichte 1880-1990, Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin, Germany

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